Cognitive Deficits and related disorders refer to decreased intellectual functioning. That is, intellectual skills are below expectations when measured against same aged typical individuals. It most commonly includes problems in all areas of functioning as seen with mental retardation (IQ scores that are more than 1 standard deviation below the mean).
However, the term cognitive deficit may be used when specific problems exist (such as decreased memory and/or attention) in the absence of a global disorder.
Speech-language Pathologists and Occupational Therapists work with individuals who may struggle with cognitive deficits.
These professionals help patients lead the most functional life possible through a variety of adaptions and compensatory strategies, and therapeutic approaches that may improve the brain’s level of functioning at the neuronal level. Cognitive and cognitive-linguistic therapy can be challenging, yet fun. Activities can also be provided for continued stimulation at home. Therapy can unlock and strengthen thinking skills, and enable a person to navigate through life with increased success.